The addiction treatment industry has evolved over the years to introduce better and novel treatment modalities based on researches spanning years. However, experts have realized that an effective treatment program for addiction is a combination of different approaches, customized to suit the specific needs of an individual.
More often than not, it is noticed that an individual seeking addiction treatment is grappling with some kind of mental disorder also. The most common mental disorders seen in addiction patients are depression and anxiety. Therefore, when a person is being treated for addiction, it cannot be done in isolation.
Ideally, an addiction treatment program should have a multi-pronged approach whereby it:
- helps manage withdrawal symptoms
- assists in identifying and managing the underlying causes of addiction
- works parallel to treat mental disorders, is any
- encourages the individual seeking treatment in not using drugs or any other substances
- prepares the individual to positively deal with the triggers once they step out of treatment
- supports the individual even after recovery to prevent relapse
Keeping these things in mind, some treatment interventions have stood the test of time and proved to be extremely effective in treating addiction. We will discuss these modalities in details in this two-part series. Two such treatment approaches are as follows:
Detoxification:Any and all addiction treatment should start with a detoxification. However, remember that an addiction treatment does not end with detoxification alone. Detoxification or detox primarily serves three purposes – eliminating toxins from the addicted person’s body which have accumulated with years of use; managing withdrawal symptoms, and preparing the body for further treatment. It is important that a detox program is administered under proper medical supervision as some drugs have severe withdrawal symptoms, some of which may be fatal.
Patients undergoing a detox program are usually given medicines to effectively manage withdrawal symptoms and physical discomfort. Gradually, over time, the dose is reduced and the individual is weaned off the addictive substance. Detoxification aims at removing physical or chemical dependency on the substance. After detoxification, the dependency on the substance is more psychological and it is here that the actual treatment begins.
Detoxification is really preparation for addiction treatment rather than treatment itself, as it proves to be ineffective if not followed by rehabilitation. It is during rehab that people suffering from addiction learn how to manage the urge to use the addictive substances, continue their sobriety,and prevent relapse.
Rehabilitation:Rehabilitation can be of two types – inpatient and outpatient. Depending on the severity of the addiction, duration of substance use, and the patients’ ability to remain sober in their living situation, an addiction treatment specialist would suggest any of the two types of rehab to a patient.
Rehabilitation usually involves many components – Pharmaceutical Treatment, Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT), Biofeedback, Cognitive Remediation, Individual Counseling, Group Therapies and Family Therapy. Rehabilitation aims at getting individuals with addiction to maintain sobriety, addressing issues that caused the problem in the first place, and finding alternative ways of coping with similar issues. It facilitates lifestyle changes, which lead to better physical and psychological health, along with improved social and occupational functioning.
We would talk about the components of rehab in Part 2 of the series.
Seeking help for drug addiction
Drug addiction can be treated provided one is willing to seek help. If you or someone you know is looking for treatment for drug addiction, contact the Arizona Drug Addiction Helpline. Call our 24/7 addiction treatment helpline 866-576-4147 or chat online with one of our experts to know more about drug addiction treatment programs. We have evidence-based treatment programs that can be customized to suit your needs and requirements. Call now!